Rural Food Access
Sunflower Foundation > 2017 Annual Report > Features > Rural Food Access
The HERO Initiative: Healthy Eating, Rural Opportunities
Finding solutions for sustaining groceries and access to healthy foods in rural Kansas
The Jetmore Food Center serves a community of around 900 Kansans in the southwest corner of the state, with an impressive selection of foods. They have a wide variety of fresh produce, in-house butchered meats, competitively priced groceries, and even a pizza shop, said Lea Ann Seiler, Director of Hodgeman County Economic Development.
They also have all kinds of other miscellaneous items that are priceless to have available just a few blocks away, she said, including: a variety of bath and cleaning items, pet foods, baby products, toilet paper, greeting cards, and other things you sometimes need in a pinch.
If the Food Center were to close like so many other small-town grocery stores have, Seiler said, it would be devastating.
“It’s hard to overstate the importance of a local grocer to the vitality of your town,” she said. “It’s a lot like the school or the hospital—if you lose any of them, other dominoes start to fall, and before you know it, the lifeblood of the community is at risk and it all starts to drain away.”
“We really depend on that store. When word got around last year that it may be at risk of closing, people were just terrified,” she said.
Grocery stores and the vitality of rural communities
Shopping at the Jetmore Food Center are (from left) Mac Ruff, Candace Ruff, MadiLynn Ruff, clerk Julia Chambers, and (in back) Norm Pitts and Amanda Kasiska.
“These small businesses are one of the primary economic drivers in rural towns, annually adding nearly $1 million to small, local economies,” Procter said. “They provide these towns with significant tax dollars. They employ 17 workers, on average.”
“But not only do these businesses add to the local economy, they are also providing rural citizens healthy food—particularly vulnerable residents such as the elderly, disabled, or those without ready transportation.”
Nearly 5 million rural citizens across the United States are living in what is known as a food desert, or an area with limited access to food. In Kansas alone, more than 40 grocery stores in rural communities have closed during the last nine years.
“The trend does not bode well for the health and wellbeing of communities at risk of losing their local grocery store,” Procter said.
A Grocer’s Struggle to Keep His Store Open
Staff members of the Jetmore Food Center.
Like many in the community feared, Jetmore Food Center was indeed—and is still—at risk of closing, said Mark Wellbrock, who owns and operates the store with his wife, Linda.
“It’s like any small business—it takes hard work that never stops, just to stay relevant to your customers,” he said. “And even then, you’re not going to win a lot of people over.”
Wellbrock cites a few factors that have led Jetmore residents to buy their groceries elsewhere.
“Of course, a lot of people work out of town, and then there’s youth sports events that take people out of town even on weekends,” he said. Dodge City—population 27,000—is 30 miles away and has a Walmart Supercenter, as well as several other discount grocers. There’s even an Asian market in Dodge.
Jetmore Food Center employee Julia Chambers (right) with customer Mary Ravenstein.
“I understand how it happens, I do,” Wellbrock said. “I’m sure a lot of people don’t give it that much thought. You know, if you’re in Dodge anyway, why not buy the whole week’s—or a whole month’s--worth of groceries at Walmart while you’re there? Well--I'll tell you why: because if too many people keep doing that, every small town grocery store is going to go out of business. It’s a direct cause and effect,” he said.
“The frustrating thing is, though, we’re not really that much more expensive in most cases. Milk maybe…but most things in our selection are competitive. I’m just not sure how much people are really aware of that. And thinking about what spending dollars locally means as far as jobs in town and keeping money around here to grow and be all we can, instead of spending it at Walmart.”
The other big factor that could help sustain the Jetmore Food Center is if businesses or organizations in town would place bulk food orders with Wellbrock, instead of with national food distributors.
“I’m probably as much as 2 or 3 percent more than national distributors on some items,” Wellbrock said. “However, you’re keeping that money in the community, supporting jobs and strengthening your local grocery. And in turn, you get a reliable source for your food orders—a neighbor who’s going to always be there to bring food to Jetmore.”
Health Eating, Rural Opportunities
Fortunately, Wellbrock and his staff at the Jetmore Food Center aren’t the only ones working to make sure the town keeps its grocery store. Lea Ann Seiler and Hodgeman County Economic Development along with GROW Hodgeman County have formed a community task force to find practical ways to make sure the Jetmore Food Center can be sustainable.
Jetmore’s story is hardly unique among Kansas communities. Many other rural towns are at risk of losing their grocery store—or already have—and are taking their own steps to find solutions unique to their local circumstances.
That is why in 2017, Sunflower Foundation began partnering with such communities to support their existing grassroots efforts. The HERO Initiative (Healthy Eating: Rural Opportunities) was launched in January with nine initial pilot projects across the state: Allen County, Crawford County, Harvey County, Hodgeman County, Marion County, Plains, St. John, and two projects covering a 10-county area in northwest Kansas. These first HERO grants totaled $150,000, plus an $81,000 grant to K-State's RGI, which is providing technical assistance and resources directly to each community.
The initiative also includes Learning Collaboratives that bring grantees and partners together for multi-day conversations on microtopics that implicate their bottomlines, such as marketing healthy foods to rural communities, providing loyalty-inspiring customer service, offering in-store cooking demos and so on.
“We know that access to a full range of nutritious foods is critical for the health of growing children and their families,” said Billie Hall, Sunflower Foundation President and CEO. “Yet more and more Kansas communities are losing ready access to nutritious foods, with residents facing round-trips of an hour just to buy fresh vegetables. Over time, the consequences of families having less healthy diets will become evident in community health outcomes.”
Finding Solutions for Rural Food Access
Working with RGI, Sunflower identified multiple communities and counties that either met the USDA definition of a “food desert,” or would meet the definition if a remaining grocery store were to close. As part of the invitation to apply, each community group was asked to assemble a leadership team representing a wide array of stakeholders (for example, local grocers, producers, schools, churches, and health professionals), if one didn’t already exist. The planning projects are intended to set the stage for successful implementation of a two-pronged approach: assessing and studying technical data for long-term feasibility, while also gathering community input to foster local buy-in.
In some communities, this means transitioning a struggling grocery store into a non-profit co-op model, or boosting the store’s revenue by connecting purchasing to the school or hospital. Other communities are focusing on the local food systems and what it takes to actually get fresh produce into a grocery store or “micro-markets” for towns without stores.
In Hodgeman County, efforts are focused on finding ways to make the Jetmore Food Center more sustainable, including efforts to raise awareness about the importance of shopping locally and an effort to find a potential bulk purchasing solution with Jetmore’s hospital. David Procter, RGI’s Director, sees particular promise in both approaches but particularly the latter.
Procter said Sunflower’s HERO Initiative not only gives the communities involved critically needed resources, but also signals to them that they are not alone in their own rural community's struggle to find solutions to this challenge.
“Sunflower Foundation’s HERO Initiative may well be the difference to these communities,” said RGI’s Procter. “These communities need resources, to be sure. And that helps in a big way, no doubt. But maybe even more critical, for finding long-term sustainable solutions, is connecting far-flung Kansas communities to other towns struggling with similar challenges.”
“Together, I think we’ll identify the best ways to make sure rural communities have the sustainable, locally identified opportunities for achieving local access to healthy foods.”
When RGI first started its work in 2007, Procter and his team at Kansas State University identified 213 grocery stores in Kansas communities of 2,500 people or less. Today there are 186.
“The good news is that, while many have closed, there have also been many that have opened. There’s a lot more transition in communities than that number might indicate,” Procter said. “Communities have found many innovative ways to sustain their grocery store—and that continues to be the case. One of the best ways we can help other communities that are trying to save or bring back their local grocery is to disseminate knowledge. The hard-fought lessons learned in one small town hold the potential to help towns across Kansas keep their grocery store and keep their community vibrant.”